Essay on diseases in india

Neglected tropical diseases affect over one billion people, almost all in the poorest and most marginalised communities. You may not have heard of diseases such as leprosy, lymphatic filariasis, onchocerciasis, schistosomiasis, soil-transmitted helminths and trachoma, but they can cause severe pain and life-long disabilities — and mean enormous productivity losses. However, efforts to tackle them have usually taken a back seat to the bigger killers.

Essays on Diseases: Top 10 Essays on Diseases

The biggest non-communicable killers are maternal and newborn deaths and deaths related to poor nutrition, cardiovascular disease and non-communicable respiratory diseases. World leaders and international organisations have slowly woken up to the impact of the most prevalent infectious diseases. However, as well as tackling specific diseases, it is crucial that leaders also address the underlying causes. It is widely accepted that the key reason for the increase in life expectancy in wealthy countries in the late 19th and early 20th century was less to do with the leaps forward in medical science, and more to do with the arrival of better nutrition, clean water and sanitation.

Reducing poverty, improving nutrition and making sure people have access to safe water and sanitation, as well as strengthening national health systems, is of the utmost importance.

  1. Key Facts: Poverty and Poor Health | Health Poverty Action.
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Otherwise tackling one particular threat simply leaves people open to another deadly disease soon afterward. Tackling the structural causes of poverty and poor health, for example calling for measures to tackle inequality and injustices such as corporate tax evasion, are central to what is needed from the global community. Sign up to be kept up to date on the global movement for better health, including how you can get involved in our work through campaigning and fundraising. What links poverty and poor health? What other links are there between poverty and poor health?

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  • The economic and political structures which sustain poverty and discrimination need to be transformed in order for poverty and poor health to be tackled. Marginalised groups and vulnerable individuals are often worst affected, deprived of the information, money or access to health services that would help them prevent and treat disease.

    Very poor and vulnerable people may have to make harsh choices — knowingly putting their health at risk because they cannot see their children go hungry, for example.

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    The cultural and social barriers faced by marginalised groups — including indigenous communities — can mean they use health services less, with serious consequences for their health. This perpetuates their disproportionate levels of poverty.

    In the worst cases, the burden of illness may mean that families sell their property, take children out of school to earn a living or even start begging. Overcrowded and poor living conditions can contribute to the spread of airborne diseases such as tuberculosis and respiratory infections such as pneumonia. Reliance on open fires or traditional stoves can lead to deadly indoor air pollution.

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    A lack of food, clean water and sanitation can also be fatal. The Maine Department of Health and Human Services suggest that carrying out good sanitary habits can greatly reduce the risk of transmitting airborne diseases. Wearing a hospital mask in public, and covering sneezes and coughs with an elbow or tissue, are some of the good habits that are recommended. Regular hand-washing can also help lower the spread of bodily fluids that may contain disease-causing germs.

    The United States Environmental Protection Agency EPA recommend increasing ventilation to help exchange air between the inside and outside of a building. In an unventilated area, pathogens, pollutants, and moisture can build up to unsafe levels. Cleaning the air with a filter is another part of keeping an area as free of pollutants and pathogens as possible.

    Here's why you should avoid being surrounded by mosquitoes.

    Many airborne diseases have symptoms similar to the common cold or influenza. They include:. It is important for people to talk to a doctor as soon as they experience symptoms to avoid any complications and to begin treatment. Symptoms of the common cold can be treated, but the illness tends to go away without treatment.

    The flu runs its course over a few days before someone starts to recover. In the case of chickenpox, the immune system usually deals with the virus on its own. While airborne diseases are common, serious complications are much more rare and normal vaccinations reduce the risk, substantially.

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    • Chickenpox is an infection caused by the varicella zoster virus. It begins as a blister-like rash that originates on the face and trunk. Meningitis affects the membranes around the brain and spinal cord.

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      It is the most dangerous type of meningitis and can be fatal. Swift treatment with…. Mumps is a contagious viral infection that tends to affect children. Mumps causes swelling of the salivary glands but can also affect other organs…. Diphtheria is an extremely contagious disease with similar symptoms to the common cold. It is very rare in the developed world following an…. Measles is an infectious disease caused by the rubeola virus. There are many strains of the measles virus, and symptoms can vary. There is no cure for….

      Anthrax is a deadly infection that is rare in the United States but common in animals globally.

      Title-page and Preface of An Essay on the More Common West-India Diseases (1764)

      There are different forms, but all are serious. What's to know about airborne diseases? Overview Common airborne diseases Prevention Symptoms Treatment and outlook Many airborne diseases affect humans. Fast facts on airborne diseases Here are some key points about airborne diseases. These illnesses, including colds and flu , are transmitted through the air.

      Many airborne diseases are common and can have mild or severe symptoms. Prevention tips include good ventilation to swap indoor and outdoor air.