Another study reported that teen mothers face significant levels of stress that can then lead to increased mental health concerns. In addition to higher rates of postpartum depression, teenage mothers have higher rates of depression. Teen mothers are more likely to experience posttraumatic stress disorder PTSD than other teenage women, as well. Teen moms might face a number of mental health conditions related to childbirth and being a new mom. Examples of these conditions include:. If you experience these effects after giving birth, help is available. Remember, many women experience postpartum depression.
Teenage mothers are more likely to fall in demographic categories that make the risk of mental illness higher. These risk factors include:. In addition to these factors, teenage mothers are more likely to experience significant levels of stress that can increase risk for mental health disorders. But some factors can reduce the likelihood that a teenage mom will have psychiatric issues. They often have more restricted economic opportunities than older parents. Around one-half of teen moms have their high school diploma by age Only 10 percent of teen moms typically complete a two- or four-year degree.
While there are certainly exceptions, high school completion and higher education is typically associated with a greater ability to earn more income over the course of a lifetime. According to a study published in Maternal Child Health Journal , teenage mothers had the poorest physical health of all categories of women studied, including women who engaged in unprotected sex.
Defense Powerpoint | Teenage Pregnancy | Adolescence
Teenage mothers may neglect their physical health while caring for their babies. They may also not have access to or know about healthy foods and eating. They are also more likely to be obese. According to the U. Department of Health and Human Services , children born to adolescent parents face greater challenges throughout their lives. These challenges include getting less education and worse behavioral and physical health outcomes. According to Youth. Young mothers should talk to a school counselor or social worker regarding services that can assist them in finishing school and living a healthier life.
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This includes the support of:. Many community centers also have services specifically for teen parents, including day care during school hours. Teenage moms are more likely to have positive mental health and financial outcomes when they finish high school. Many high schools offer programs or will make arrangements with a teen mom to help her finish her education. In this study a qualitative exploratory design was used, allowing the researchers to get an in-depth understanding of the socio-educational problems faced by Student Mothers.
Respondents of the study are the student mothers of Lourdes College, in the second semester of S. There were a number of three 3 identified single mothers in Lourdes College who volunteered and provided time to participate in this study. The primary tool used in gathering data was in a form of a one-on-one interview with the respondents.
The interview was focused on the challenges, coping strategies, realizations of student mothers.
In this study, the researcher used purposive sampling in which the researcher chose only student mothers who are caring for a child below seven 7 years of age and are studying in Lourdes College. Prior to data gathering, the researcher prepared an informed consent letter to be given to the respondents of the study, voluntary participation was highly emphasized in the letter of consent. The data-gathering procedure was done in a form of one-to-one interview in which the researcher took written notes. All interviews were tape recorded.
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The interviews were informal and open ended, and carried out in a conversational style. For Ione 27 , her experiences are that its tiring, struggling with subjects, concentration, especially when at home and doing her homework, and time management. As for Dianne 21 her experience and struggle is that she struggles to manage her time between school, the child and for herself. And for Tepa 23 , time management is the most difficult part for her.
She stated that she needs to wake-up early and prepare especially now that her son is going to school. For Ione 27 , she copes by focusing on school and home separately another coping is that thinking positive and being optimistic and going with the flow. And as for Tepa 23 she copes by not getting stressed being optimistic and being welcomed by her child at home.
For Ione 27 , her biggest factor that helped her cope being a student mother is her Husband, For Dianne 21 ,its being accepted by her family and friends. And for Tepa 23 she views her mother as the biggest factor that has helped her. As for Ione 27 she has learned that being a student mother is not easy but challenging. She also learned that a s a mother she needs to learn to set her priorities.
And she learned that one should grab the opportunity to learn and study while still single. Dianne 21 learned that one should not be careless in choosing partners and achieve your goals despite having a child.
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And Tepa 23 learned that you should not panic and should be knowledgeable of the consequences of your actions. Time management is seen as the common obstacle for these student mothers. Because the live double lives as a mother and as a student, they struggle to split their time to accommodate all their responsibilities. This is supported by Grohamm work, student mothers greatly depend on time management.
For coping the respondents commonly rely on being positive and not being stressed about their situation. As for the factors they consider that greatly helped them cope the common factor was the help of family members and husband. This is supported be works of Kidwell , Thompson and Okeyo that it lessens the burden on the student mother if there are people around her who can help in caring for the child. This is evident as stated by Ione 27 that when she has things she needs to do at home her husband is the one who takes care of the child and as for Tepa 23 she stated that her mother has helped her both financially and caring for the child at home.
The most common learning of the student mothers is that one should not be rash and should know the consequences of their actions.
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Time management is the biggest obstacle of being a student mother as you need to divide your time between school and caring for the child. As for the coping strategy it is seen that the having a positive outlook is effective in handling different situations as a student mother. YochevedGrohman, Renelamn Coping Stategies used by student mothers to succeed in Occupational Therapy School.
Donna Mcgee Thompson A tunnel of Hope: the experiences of student mothers attending Community College based developmental study Program. Students affairs: Experiencing Higher education : P. Practical disadvantages of pregnancy such as impediments to education or employment as well as being stigmatized were also described.
A detailed diagram of the theme and exemplary quotations are available in Appendix Ciii of supplementary material. Some young people saw adolescent pregnancy in a more favorable light, including claiming it had no disadvantages at all. Some agreed that teenage pregnancy is manageable, even when not intended.
Receiving public aid and support from family and peers were described as benefits. This theme covers items relating to indifference and ambivalence regarding sexual relations, pregnancy and parenting as shown in Appendix Civ of supplementary material. Attitudes presented here are less clear-cut in terms of pregnancy intentions.
This may be partially attributable to a spillover effect, as content was often identified in studies primarily focused on contraceptive failure. These last two quotes relate to the view that the individual has no actual control over their fertility. This theme reflects an aggregation of commonly held views about adolescent pregnancy as shown in Appendix Cv of supplementary material. It is divided into three main sub-themes: views about adolescent mothers, adolescent pregnancy, and pregnancy timing.
The first sub-theme reflects both positive and negative perceptions of teenage mothers, such as deserving respect for managing their lives as young parents, and being treated differently by professionals because of their young age regardless of the intendedness of pregnancy. Comments about adolescents being unaware of burdensome responsibilities associated with pregnancy and the fact that teenagers who are aware of them avoid pregnancy were also categorized in this group.
There were also observations that acceptance of, and attitudes toward, adolescent pregnancies vary across social groups and backgrounds, a notion that some adolescents do plan their pregnancies. Opinions regarding pregnancy timing were also varied, with little consistency emerging from the literature. Some participants stated that one should wait until after the teenage years.
A detailed diagram of this theme is available in Appendix Cvi of supplementary material.
What Are the Effects of Teenage Pregnancy?
However, a noticeably consistent set of themes emerged across these diverse samples. We also highlight that this theme is closely linked to Theme 3. The first sub-theme consists of characteristics related to family background, such as growing up in an unsettled environment parental conflict, violence, frequent house moves, etc.
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There is an underlying implication that adolescent intended pregnancy either occurs within, or as a response to a context of disruption. Examples of items in this group are: experiencing previous pregnancy resolved by abortion, miscarriage or birth; keeping the infant or surrendering it for adoption , having a history of fighting behaviors, and having negative experiences and attitudes toward formal education.